Medium Tanks and Main Battle Tanks

90mm Gun Tank M48 Patton III

Largely a stopgap model, the M47 Patton II was soon replaced by the M48 Patton III. Once the M48 was pressed into service in 1953, most M47s were sold on abroad. The M47’s successor proved to be radically technically divergent, featuring a newly-engineered turret and chassis, upgraded suspension, a more powerful engine and many other upgrades. With around 12,000 of the M48 Patton III built, by the time of the Vietnam War, the variant formed the backbone of American armoured forces. The M48 was the first-generation main battle tank (MBT). The M48 also featured in a range of conflicts, which include: The Six Day War of 1967, the Indo-Pak Wars of 1965 and 1971 and the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s. Historians refer to the M48 as a stalwart of the Cold War era. Operated by a four-man crew, the tank weighed 48 tons, featured an 810 HP V12 engine, had a top speed of 30 mph and a range of 310 miles.

105 mm Gun Tank M60 Patton

In the service of the U.S. Army between 1959 and 2005, the M60 Patton witnessed more combat operations than most tank models. It remains embroiled in numerous conflicts still active today. Developed from the M48, the M60 was never officially designated as belonging to the Patton tank family. However, it was the first officially recognised main battle tank, while belonging to the second generation of MBTs. Generally-speaking, the M60 is a much-upgraded version of the M48. Featuring improved hull armour, revised turret armaments and a new 105 mm main armament, operators were better protected and equipped with more firepower. With a smaller engine compared to the M48, the M60 had twice its predecessor’s operational range. Today, the M60 Patton is actively deployed in the Yemeni Civil War and the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen.